The Nepali film industry is referred to as Kollywood (or Kaliwood). History of Nepali films can be traced back to D.B. Pariyar’s Satya Harishchandra, which was the first Nepali language film to be made. It was produced from Kolkata, India and released on September 14, 1951. Aama (mother wasfirst Nepali film to be made and produced in Nepal by the Information Department of His Majesty’s Government of Nepal (now Government of Nepal); and released on October 7, 1964. It was directed by Hira Singh Khatri, with Shiva Shanker Manandhar and Bhuwan Thapa in the lead. In 1966, Maitighar (the birth home of a girl) by Sumonanjali Films Pvt. Ltd. was the first Nepali film to be produced under private banner, with Indian actress Mala Sinha in the lead role.

After the government eatablished the Royal Nepal Film Corporation in 1971, Mann Ko Bandh directed by Prakesh Thapa was the first film to be produced by the Corporation. It was followed by Kumari (the first Eastman Colour Nepali film) in 1977, Sindoor in 1980 and Jeevan Rekha in series. The success of these films acted as a catalyst for private parties to enter into filmmaking as an industrial endeavor. Later the Film Development Board (FDB) was established by the government of Nepal in accordance with Motion Picture Act amended on 20th November 1991. Most Nepali films are shot on 16mm film, and use Bollywood (Indian film industry) style songs and narratives. VIDEO clip of first Nepali film Aama