Afghanistan’s rich heritage has strains of Hindu and Buddhist influences in the past, while Islamic impact has remained dominant. Afghanistan has been under diverse religious, political and social influences and many heritage sites were dilapidated during Taliban regime. Now the new government is trying to restore and refunish them.
The Balkh city is famous for Mosque of Nine Cupolas (also known as Khoja Piada). Famous monuments like Top-i-Rustam, Takht-i-Rustam and shrine of Hazrat Ali, which is known for Mughal architecture and ornamented inscriptions are located here.
Ghazni was once the capital of the empire of Mahmoud of Ghazni and is a famous for strings of monuments like: Mausoleum of Sultan Mahmud which is elegantly carved with Afghan marble, Palace of Sultan Mas’ud III, the citadel and the minarets.
Palace of Sultan Mas’ud III, the citadel (Qala-i-Ikhtiyar-ud-din), Mousallah Complex, Minarets of Sultan Baigara, Gazar Gah, Chisht-i-Sharif and Tomb of Jami are famous monuments in Herat. Masjet-e-Jam or Blue Mosque is important from pilgrimage and architectural point of view. Chisht–i-Sharif houses the two famous domes of Chisht.
Kabul is capital city of Afghanistan and houses monuments, mausoleums and mosques like Kabul Bala Hisar, ARG Citadel Abdur Rahman Mausoleum, Mausoleum of Timur Shah, Mausoleum of Nadir Shah, Id Gah Mosque. Shah-do-Shamshira Mosque, Pul-e Khishti Mosque and Sherpur Mosque.
Chilzina, Masoleum of Ahmad Shah Durrani and Shrine of Baba Wali are Mosques and mausoleums of Kandahar.