The Bhutanese concept of literature refers to the general collection of texts like Rigney and Zhung, those texts that yield knowledge and have positive outcome. Bhutanese literature divides learning into five headings: grammar, dialectics, healing, the outer sciences and inner sciences that cover Buddhist doctrines and practices. These cannot be termed as purely Buddhist, but have been greatly influenced by its growth and influence of other cultures can also be seen. The corpus of Bhutanese literature mostly deals with the religious works but also conveys information on the social set up, the form of government and the economic life of the Bhutanese in general. These can be broadly classified as follows:

  • Chhoejung: literally means “origin of dharma